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Penguin Species

How many types of penguins are there? There are currently 18 recognized species of penguins around the world, as determined by various agencies, scientists and experts in the field.

Penguins live in many locations around the Southern Hemisphere. At very quick glance they look alike with white and black bodies, but they all have unique characteristics. Click on any of the names below to learn about the unique features of each bird.

Gentoo and Magellanic Penguins on the beach

Help us continue to learn more about penguins by donating to Penguins International.


Borboroglu, Pablo Garcia & Boersma, P. Dee (2013). Penguins, Natural History and Conservation. Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press.