The Humboldt Penguin is a member of the banded group of penguins.
Common Name: Humboldt Penguin; Peruvian Penguin
Scientific name: Spheniscus humboldti
Population: 16,000 breeding pairs
Weight and height: 4.2 kg – 5.0 kg, 67 cm – 72 cm
Lifespan: 12-15 years
Conservation status: Vulnerable
Population Trend: Decreasing
Geographic Breeding Range: Chile; Peru
Prey/diet: Anchovies, silversides, jack mackerel, Patagonian squid, Southern Ocean squid, Humboldt squid, crustaceans
Distinguishing physical characteristics: Head is black with a thin white band extending from above the eye, down each side of the head to the throat and running further down the sides of the body to the legs. A single wide black band runs in an upside-down U shape across the breast and down to the legs. Black spots are scattered across the breast. Bill is black with a gray vertical stripe. Bare pink patches of skin are present at the base of the bill and extend to the eyes. Legs and feet are black, eye is reddish brown.