They were probably first sighted on the second voyage of Captain James Cook (1773-1775). Emperor Penguins have only one chick per season and are the only species to incubate their eggs during the Antarctic winter. Emperors do not build a nest, but incubate their egg on their feet to keep the egg warm.
Current Conservation Status
Current estimates of Emperor Penguin populations are unknown due to the lack of data on actual population sizes in difficult-to-access regions of Antarctica. Populations of Emperor Penguins are expected to decrease, however, due to effects of global warming on the Antarctic region.
Emperor Penguin Conservation Status:
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